Daniel Defoe

ROBINSON CRUSOE


 Summary ROBINSON CRUSOE - Daniel Defoe

Robinson Crusoe is a classic world novel, named after the main character who is the most famous castaway in the literary world. He saves himself by swimming to a deserted island, where he remains trapped far from human civilization.
This novel is an interesting adventure because of the conditions in which Robinson found himself. The deserted island, far from people and their achievements, seems like a new undiscovered free world, which is very intriguing to us. Also, the ways in which Robinson manages in the pure nature and wilderness are very resourceful and clever. From his experience, we can see how useful the little things we learn in school and from other people can be.
Alone on the island, Robinson survives for 18 years, after which he is rescued by an English ship. Nowadays, people who are stranded and lost outside human civilization due to isolation or unfortunate circumstances are called "robinsons."


FULL BOOK SUMMARY

  • Robinson as a boy dreamed of becoming a sailor and traveling the seas to distant and unknown lands. One day, he left home and set sail, only to encounter bad luck. On his first voyage, his ship was sunk by a storm, but luckily he was rescued by another ship. On his second voyage, he was captured by pirates but managed to escape.

  • He realized that the life of a sailor was very difficult, but he didn't want to return home without success. W ith a Portuguese ship, he arrived in Brazil, where he began cultivating sugar cane and tobacco plantations, which were profitable.

  • For the plantations, he needed labor that neither he nor anyone nearby had. So, he made an agreement with the neighbors from nearby plantations to sail to Africa and bring back slaves for work. Thus, he embarked on another journey by ship to Africa (where fortunately the slaves did not arrive).

  • After two weeks of calm sailing, a storm blew that lasted for twelve full days. By some luck, they spotted unknown land in the distance, but in an attempt to approach it and reach safety, the ship ran aground on a sandy shoal and began to sink. The crew tried to reach the island with the boats, but the large waves capsized the boats with people. By some luck, the waves washed Robinson ashore. He discovered that he was the only survivor from the shipwreck.

  • Robinson climbed the highest hill to survey the surroundings. Looking around, he realized that he was on a deserted island. Sad and unfortunate, he realized that he was being punished for wanting to enslave black people from Africa, and now he himself had become a prisoner without shelter, food, or drinking water. He regretted his actions and admitted that it was his great mistake.

  • At first, his shelter was a cave, and he fed on wild corn and drank fresh water from a nearby spring. Later, he expanded his menu to include turtle eggs and oysters that he caught. His great trouble was that he had no tools, no knife, no shovel, no ax, no rope, no utensils, no arrows... He didn't even have shoes and had to walk barefoot. He had to make tools for himself from what he found in nature, improvising and finding ways to survive.

  • First, he made himself sandals and clothes from leaves, then he wove his first fishing net and made a bow and arrow. He started hunting to provide meat and fur for better clothing. When he found salt, he used it in his meals to make them tastier. He managed to tame the first goat, and later others, so he had milk for food. He obtained fire thanks to lightning striking a tree or a volcano spewing out hot stones. He kept track of time and date by marking days and months on two tree trunks.

  • Robinson built a hut for himself. Once, he fell ill and was severely sick for three days, without anyone to help him. Somehow, he recovered and continued. He learned how to make pots and utensils from clay to cook his food. After that, he began making a table and a chair. During that process, while shaving dry wood, he accidentally discovered how to start a fire on his own. He managed to catch and tame a parrot that kept him company.

  • It has been five years since Robinson found himself alone on the island. By then, he had already learned to make himself a bed and sew clothes, grind corn into flour and make bread, make cheese and butter from goat's milk, and he had also built a stable for the twenty goats he had. He realized that he was on an island with a tropical climate, where there were no winters or snow. Although there was no snow, every year he celebrated Christmas with the goats because he was haunted by nostalgia for home and his parents.

  • Robinson is building a boat to leave the island. One day, after seven years on the island, he set out by boat to reach human civilization. However, he was caught in a strong current from which he barely escaped with the help of the wind that pushed him to the other side of the island. There, he came across human footprints. He soon discovered that the island was occasionally visited by cannibals who performed their rituals and ate captured people. For the next five years, Robinson hid to avoid being discovered and lived in great fear.

  • One night, during a raging storm, another ship ran aground and sank near the island. Robinson found only one surviving dog on it. He named him Jack, and the dog became very useful to him as he guarded against the cannibals.

  • The cannibals once brought two of their captives to the island, but one managed to escape and hide with Robinson, who saved him. Since then, he lived with Robinson, who named him Friday because their first meeting happened on a Friday. Robinson taught him the English language and the customs of the white man. Later, Friday helped him with hunting and told him about his people and their customs.

  • Another strong storm sank a new ship. Robinson and Friday found many useful things on that ship: axes, saws, pistols, rifles... even a cannon. The found items made their lives much easier, and thanks to the weapons, they were less afraid of cannibal attacks.

  • One day, savages came to the shore again. When Robinson heard that they had a white man with them, he decided to set him free. So, Friday and Robinson attacked the cannibals and saved a Spanish sailor, along with Friday's father, whom he named Thursday. Robinson learned from the freed sailor that there were sixteen more sailors on a nearby island with Friday's tribe, so he sent the Spaniard and Friday's father to bring them.

  • After a few days, an English ship anchored near the island, from which the mutineers disembarked the captain and two sailors intending to leave them on the deserted island. With Friday's help, Robinson overpowered the mutineers and freed the captive captain. The Spanish sailors who had been with Friday's tribe also appeared. They left the three mutineer leaders on the deserted island. Robinson took Friday, the parrot, and the dog Jack with him. After eighteen years on the island, Robinson returned home.

  • When he arrived home in England, he found his father alive, but his mother had passed away. Then, together with Friday, he traveled to Lisbon, where he learned that his plantations in Brazil were doing well and that he had become rich. With the money he received from the sale, he helped his niece, got married, and had three children.





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